[jdom-interest] JDOM tree vs. DOM Tree...

Dennis Sosnoski dms at sosnoski.com
Wed Mar 5 19:29:32 PST 2003

Bradley S. Huffman wrote:

>Brian Ales writes:
>>I'm wondering how the JDOM tree measures up against the standard DOM tree in 
>>terms of both performance (speed coming out of the parser) but more important
>>ly memory size.
>Dennis Sosnoski wrote a article comparing the various models at
>     www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/xml/library/x-injava
>but it's starting to get a bit dated (hmmm, 1yr dated?).
I don't think there's actually been any significant changes since then, 
which is mainly why I haven't updated results. I did run some tests with 
JDOM beta 8 with about the same results as reported for the older 
version. I couldn't run a full set of tests on JDOM because of the build 
memory issue (StringBuffer or whatever), though. Whenever JDOM beta 9 
comes out I'll try again.

>But if you're looking to process large documents, none of the in-memory models
>will work very well and you should look at using SAX or a Pull Parser if 
>they can fit your needs.
If you need to be work with large documents you've basically got the 
choices of on-the-fly processing (SAX or pull parsing), piece-meal 
processing with a document model (dom4j has had this for a while, and I 
think it's in JDOM contrib, too, right?), or data binding. In a recent 
article on devWorks I show time and memory comparisons for various data 
binding approaches, with dom4j included for comparison purposes: 
http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/library/x-databdopt2/ Data binding 
can be *much* more efficient than document models if all you want is to 
work with documents as data (rather than as marked-up text). This is 
especially true if many of your values can be converted to Java 
primitive types.

I'm releasing a second demo/alpha version of the JiBX framework 
(http://www.jibx.org) mentioned in the article later tonight. It's 
actually usable for many types of applications in this alpha form, but 
I'll have a beta version out within two weeks that'll be much more 
comprehensively tested. If data binding sounds like it might suit your 
needs you should check this out. JAXB is also out now, and either that 
or Castor might be good choices if you're working from Schema 
descriptions of your documents. I cover this in the devWorks articles, 
so see the link above if you want details.

  - Dennis

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